Country Profile:

The capital (and largest city): Cairo
Official language: Arabic
Government: Republic
Legislative authority: People's Assembly
Establishment: 3200 BC
The National Day: 23 July
Area: 1.002.450 km2
Population: 86,895,099
Population density: 86/km2
Currency: Egyptian Pound
Time Zone: (UTC + 2)
Drives on the: Left
Language: The Arabic language is the official language in addition to using English and French in the commercial fields.
Telephone code of the Arab Republic of Egypt: 002

Administrative Division:
The Republic is administratively divided into 27 governorates. The governorates are either completely urban, or a blend of urban and rural areas.

Cities and Ports:
The biggest cities are Greater Cairo, Zagazig, Alexandria, Port Said, Al Mahala Al Kubra, Luxor, Mansoura, Tanta, Asyut, and Menya. 
Ports: there are 32 ports in Egypt due to the extension of the coastlines to the north and east, and the most important ones are Alexandria, Damietta, Suez, Port Said and Safaga.

Official Workdays:
Official workdays in the ministries, government departments and general authorities and local administrative units are five days per week, considering Fridays and Saturdays the official holidays.

National Holidays and Religious Events:

Official Islamic holidays (Hijri Calendar):
Islamic New Year: 1st of Muharram
Birth of Prophet Muhammed: 12th of Rabi' al-Awal
Eid al-Fitr: on 1st of Shawwal
The Day of `Arafah: 9th of Zul Hijjah
Eid al-Adha: 10th of Zul Hijjah

Official Coptic holidays:
Christmas holiday: 7th of January

Other official holidays at the Gregorian calendar:
Sinai Liberation Day: 25th of April
Workers Day: 1st of May
July Revolution Day: 23rd of July
October's Victory: 6th of October
Revolution of 25th January
Police Day: 25th of January